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Management Education - Need for Innovations

By Arya Kumar, Director, Lal Bahadur Shastri Institute of Management, New Delhi | Thursday, 11 May 2017, 06:02 IST

The Indian higher education system is the third largest in the world in terms of numbers, af­ter China and the United States. There has been an unprecedented growth in number of uni­versities, colleges as well as enrolment in higher educa­tion system particularly during last one and a half decade. Large number of private institutions entered into educa­tion sector’ having short term perspective. In tune with the growth in general education, management education system also grew at extraordinary pace during last one and a half decade.

There has been extraordinary growth in number of institutions imparting management education which has increased from 2614 in 2006-07 to 3451 in 2015-16, re­sulting in an average growth rate of 3.13 percent. Howev­er it had touched a peak of 3865 institutions in 2012-13; implying that net of new institutions has resulted closure of large number of institutions during the last four-five years. It is a matter of deep concern that 260 colleges im­parting MBA and PGDM have been closed during last four years i.e. from 2012-13 onwards. The main reason for the closure of the institutions is employability of graduates coming from majority of the institutions has come to a big question mark.

The areas in which there is a need to come out with policy perspective at macro level and innovations at insti­tutional level are quality and excellence with perspective wherein educational institutions need to fully get integrat­ed with the world of work across sectors.

Quality and Excellence- Management Education

With a rapid expansion in terms of number of institutions and enrolment, especially, during last one and a half de­cade, the greatest set-back and challenge that has arisen is the issue of ensuring quality and excellence in man­agement education. Amongst the three, Indian Institute of Management-Ahmadabad tops the list with being 24th best B-school globally, followed by Indian School of Busi­ness-Hyderabad (29th) and Indian Institute of Manage­ment-Bangalore (62).

Some of the crucial challenges for achieving excellence in management education and creating institutions with world standards would require innovations in the following areas are relevance of management education wherein the course curricula in general are outdated. Introduction of new areas of specialization and courses is very slow and the greatest challenge for management education is the inte­gration and linkage with industry. There is a need for great interdependency between industry and academia to im­prove the relevance of management education in curricula development, pedagogy of teaching, new course offerings ahead of time, training to prospective graduates, and in­volvement of professionals from industry in teaching, and involving young minds (students) in contributing to come out with innovative solutions to problems faced by indus­try. Secondly, there is a need for innovations in teaching / learning process. To build world class institutions, Indian management education institutions need to continuously innovate, so as to impart relevant education whereby needs of the corporate world and other sectors of the economy are well catered, while providing gainful employment to passing out students.

Some of the key areas of innovations in teaching/ learning process are:

1) Curriculum development – A new approach to curric­ulum design and development has to focus on developing students’ capabilities and competencies to make tripliza­tion i.e. individual, local and global for their own learning and development. Therefore, the curriculum design and development has to be futuristic and to ensure that it max­imizes development opportunities for students’ learning.

2) Pedagogy for Active Learning and Wisdom - The outdat­ed and outmoded method of teaching pedagogy emphasizes and focuses on delivering subject knowledge and skills to students. The emphasis is on students’ learning as a disci­plinary, receiving, and mingling process and fundamentally involves close supervision and regulation during the learn­ing process. Against this, the new pedagogy has to focus on Facilitating Self Learning that should ensure students’ learning as a self-actualizing, discovering, experimenting, experiencing, contemplative and introspective learning.

3) Participative and Experiential Learning - Effective group learning focuses on student as a center and focal point. The students share an overall common experience along with their own experiences as a resource with each other. There is active involvement in discussion and activities. There is an internalization of learning because of self-experience. Group as a whole and each participating student mutu­ally share their insights and resources in learning from each other.

In case management institutions in India have to sur­vive and grow in future and become world class institu­tions, they need to be highly innovative to continuously improve the quality of management education, so as to make it relevant and purposive at individual, local and global context.


June 2018
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