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Importance of Education in India

By Dr. Shailendra Singh, Director, Hindustan Institute of Technology & Management | Wednesday, 12 Oct 2016, 06:55 IST

India is witnessing the age of science and technology. There is a huge demand for professional/technical education in the modern age. The evolving pattern of life in this age is much different from the one we would find in our society fifty years back. Technical Education imparts knowledge of a specific trade, craft or profession. Technical Education can meet the increasing demands of expanding society and its multiplying demands and development. The industries, mechanized systems and scientific research centers all over the world prove that our bond with the past is breaking and instead of bare hands we must use machines and technological devices for all-round development and regeneration of human society. 

In our everyday life and every sphere of our life, the influence of science and technology is becoming so pervasive that human existence is simply inconceivable in its absence. This is why, to train our students/professionals in response to the need of the time, our education system must be reorganized to give it the necessary practical and technical bias. The Government of India is also very keen for universal recognition of our education system, and because of that all universities are trying hard to get the NBA accreditation.

In free India, the education was thoroughly reorganized again stressing the importance of science and technology to bring about a total regeneration. Hence, quite a number of regional engineering colleges, private/self-financial institutes of technology, and centers for researches in science came into existence all over the country to provide technical education. This role of educational institutions found it necessary to redefine its goal mainly related to economic development and to ensure a place for India in the community of prosperous nations. It was not just an end, it was the dream of modern India, and technical education was given the due importance with a view to realizing that dream. Besides this, in this age of unemployment, only technical education can assure one a job and a comfortable life. Otherwise, fresh graduates fall victims to frustration and find themselves alienated from the mainstream of the modern world. 

Education streams pertaining to science & technology and their management have acquired great importance and gained a lot of recognition too. However, it is easy to understand that science can only provide the requisite information & technology can give us the means to achieve effectively and efficiently what is considered valuable & worthwhile by human beings. Therefore, it acquires prime importance to know clearly, what really is valuable for human beings.

We find that in a zeal to cope with the advancement of science & technology, our technical education system has become primarily skill-oriented and almost deficient or casual in the education in human values.It is imperative that a serious attempt is made to cater to this deficiency, though the Supreme Court (in 2013) issued an observation, "Literacy rates have increased from 12 percent in 1947 to 74 percent in 2011". It is an achievement that our Government is giving more importance to skill-development programs, with the aim to reduce unemployment status for the majority of our young generations.

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